Civil engineering is one of the oldest and the most advanced fields of engineering. Developments over the centuries have brought about changes in construction technology, creating the need for well-qualified and skilled civil engineers in the industry. These engineers are also tasked with understanding the needs of customers based on modernisation and creation of cutting-edge technology. Their job is to make sure that they come up with construction solutions that meet the requirements of a modern-day project.
Top 5 Current Trends in 2021 and Future Scope For Candidates Pursuing B.Tech in Civil Engineering:
Building Information Modelling
Building Information Modelling or BIM is on par with Computer Aided Design (CAD). BIM is an advanced software used by civil engineers and architects to create a 3D model of a building or a structure they have designed. The goal is to create layer after layer of metadata in a manner that facilitates workflow collaboration between different departments. This software saves time as multiple designers and departments can work on the same model at the same time and add their bit to the model rather than chart out outdated 2D sketches on paper.
Automated Aerial Drones
Drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have become a norm on a futuristic construction site in 2021. These drones can undertake surveying risky areas and collect relevant data from a construction site without endangering manpower or wasting time-consuming resources. These devices also ensure that managers and engineers can monitor the progress of construction workers on site without having to be on the location all the time. Construction companies can now conduct accurate surveys within minutes rather than months without man-made errors. This is an extremely cost-effective and safe technology in the civil engineering field in recent years.
Virtual & Augmented Reality
Virtual and augmented reality works in tandem with the BIM software. These technologies help companies build realistic models of projects to get a clearer idea of what the finished structure will look like and whether or not it will be able to serve its purpose. Companies can significantly reduce their overhead expenditure and avoid last-minute changes to the project with the help of virtual and augmented reality. These techs have immense scope in the future for civil engineers in 2021.
Exoskeletons are devices that a user can wear to better perform certain labour-intensive tasks. This technology is the one eighty degree opposite of robotics, where a robot would complete the task instead of a person wearing an exoskeleton. However, both these technologies have seen massive implementations in the civil engineering industries. Companies that can afford the latest tech are investing in exoskeletons to help employees carry out desired tasks quickly, effectively, and without personal injury.
Advanced Building Materials
The need of the hour of any industry is to minimise waste and negative impact on the environment. In recent years waste and unrecyclable materials are used to make roads and pavements, repurposing day-to-day garbage into something useful. Self-healing cement is another such building material that has gained popularity as it is injected with calcite-precipitating bacteria which uses water to fill the air gaps in a concrete structure to improve its overall strength. In 2021, many countries with congested cities dealing with air pollution have proposed buildings coated with photo-catalytic titanium dioxide to absorb smog and other pollutants in the air.
There is a growing scope for professionally trained and qualified civil engineers who can make a real difference in people’s lifestyles in an innovative and sustainable manner. Civil engineering admissions have seen a drastic hike as more and more candidates are realising the growing scope in the industry. Many civil engineering colleges in Nashik, Maharashtra are offering B.Tech in Civil Engineering with global certification and value-addition programs to help students prepare for the competitive job market. Conduct some research and find the right engineering college that matches your career goals.