Mechanical Engineering | Top 6 Emerging Trends in 2021

Mechanical Engineering Trends

Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering. In recent years, there have been some transformative changes in the mechanical engineering industry. Advancements have been made in all industries, and the same holds for the mechanical engineering sector. Gone are the days when mechanical engineering was considered to be the underdog of the engineering sector.

B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering is one of the most sought after mechanical engineering degrees today. Mechanical engineers are highly advanced professionals who work in fields like robotics, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. Year after year there are a number of trends that influence the mechanical engineering sector.

Top 6 Trends in Mechanical Engineering in 2021:

  1. Interconnected Machines

Machine to machine (M2M) or Interconnected Machines is a method that facilitates direct communication between machines either through a wired or wireless medium. Industrial instrumentation helps sensors in interconnected machines to communicate vital information. This trend will bring about efficient use of power and diversified IP networks to influence faster and better services around the globe through remote monitoring in the supply-chain management.

  1. Digital Manufacturing

Automation has become the norm of the manufacturing industry, which is why there is a growing need to model automated tools, run relevant simulations, and continuously analyse the functioning of these machines. There is a growing need for manufactured goods in the market today, and this is where digital manufacturing comes into play. This trend will ensure faster and glitch-free manufacturing processes which will prevent delays in manufacturing, wastage, and will ensure flexibility in the manufacturing industry.

  1. Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering is one of the fastest emerging trends in mechanical engineering today. It combines the concepts of design and engineering to the field of medicine and biology to modernise healthcare. Biomedical engineering can help facilitate better patient diagnosis, health monitoring, and therapy. Some of the currently existing examples of biomedical engineering are dental implants, pacemakers, and life saving artificial organs. This branch of mechanical engineering is projected to grow by leaps and bounds in the coming years.

  1. Green Manufacturing

The need of the hour for the human race is to ensure a more sustainable approach to life by engaging in manufacturing practices that can reduce waste, minimise pollution, utilise natural resources, and reduce emissions. This can be done through green manufacturing practices which will have a direct impact on product design, streamlined manufacturing processes, standardised regulations, and lean manufacturing.

  1. Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is the branch of science that deals in the manipulation of matter which consists of at least one dimension with a size ranging from 1 to 100 nanometers. Nanotechnology is a wide field with multiple areas of science including molecular engineering, surface science, and energy storage. This tech can amplify the applications of mechanical engineering in various fields and industries.

  1. Industry 4.0

We are still at the very crux of Industry 4.0 as this trend emphasises on exchange of data and automation in the mechanical engineering industry. On a broad spectrum, Industry 4.0 has led to the use of mechanical sensors, Internet of Things, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and cloud computing. Smart factories and smart manufacturing are going to be the cornerstones of Industry 4.0. As the industry demands, more and more colleges are upgrading the curriculum of their mechanical engineering programs to the requirements of Education 4.0. This has led to an influx in the number of mechanical engineering admissions in 2022-23.


Mechanical engineering is a vast field with newer avenues being discovered with each passing decade. There is tremendous scope in the field if you are willing to pursue an industry-synced B.Tech Mechanical Engineering degree from one of the best mechanical engineering colleges in Nashik, Maharashtra.

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