Engineering is a massive field with many specialisations. Each of these specialisations have a broad range of career opportunities for qualified candidates. Many top engineering colleges in Nashik offer cutting-edge undergraduate and postgraduate engineering programs to interested students. These programs are designed to equip students with relevant academic knowledge while also enhancing their hands-on skills through lab sessions.
As engineering has many different fields, it is important to understand what these fields represent, and the kind of opportunities you will have in each field. You need to understand this to choose the right specialisation, depending on your calibre and interest. Let us take a look at the different fields of engineering and their future scope.
Best Engineering Courses for the Future
1. Aerospace Engineering
Aerospace engineering is one of the most advanced and promising branches of engineering. Aerospace engineering is the study of aerodynamics that facilitate the designing, development, testing, production, and maintenance of different kinds of aircrafts, military equipment, spacecrafts, and other relevant equipment.
Candidates who pursue aerospace engineering study Applied Physics, Applied Chemistry, Technical Communication, Aerodynamics, Aerospace Structures, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and much more.
Professionals holding a B.Tech or an M.Tech degree in aerospace engineering can be hired as Aerospace Engineers, CAD Technicians, Research Scientist, Test Engineer, Maintenance Engineer, Product Review Engineer, Structural Analysis Engineer, etc.
2. Civil Engineering
Civil engineering is one of the oldest and most diverse engineering fields. Since ancient times, civil engineers have made many wonders and structures around the world possible that we can see around us even today. These professionals are tasked with the construction and maintenance of different structures like bridges, roads, buildings, dams, flyovers, railways, etc.
Civil engineering has different branches that you can further specialise in at the postgraduate level. Some of the most promising branches of civil engineering are environmental engineering, construction management, transportation engineering, urban planning, building valuation, geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering, water resource planning, and structural engineering.
Professionals holding relevant qualifications in civil engineering can be hired as Civil Engineers, construction Managers, Transportation Officers, Urban Planners, Environmental Engineers, Geotechnical Engineers, Structural Engineers, Nuclear Engineers, and Land Surveyors, to name a few professions.
3. Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical engineering is another excellent field under engineering. There was a time when mechanical engineers were thought to be employed in the automobile sector exclusively. However, today mechanical engineers are needed in different industries such as aviation, nuclear energy, space exploration, automation, and biomedicine.
Students pursuing mechanical engineering at the undergraduate level study Engineering Thermodynamics, Mechanics of Solids, Mechanical Engineering Materials and Metallurgy, Engineering Thermodynamics, Hydraulic Machines, Thermal Engineering and much more.
Qualified professionals can find different career opportunities like Automobile Engineer, Design Engineer, Automation Engineer, Quality Engineer, Production Engineer, and Manufacturing Engineer, to name a few profiles.
4. Aeronautical Engineering
Aeronautical engineering is one of the best engineering courses after 12th. You can start with a B.Tech degree and slowly build your way to a postgraduate and PhD qualification in this field. Aeronautical engineering is a dynamic field that involves the study of mechanisms of aircrafts like aeroplanes, jet planes, fighter planes, and space shuttles.
As this is a highly specialised field, additional focus is paid to lab work besides studying topics like Thermodynamics, Aircraft Materials, Principles of Flight, Fluid Dynamics, Aircraft Structures, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Heat Transfer, and much more.
Professionals with the right qualifications and training can work in public and private sector companies as Aeronautical Engineers, Flight Mechanics Engineers, Aircraft Production Engineers, Defence Engineers, Rocket Engineers, and Aerodynamic Engineers.
5. Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
Electronics and telecommunications engineering is another progressive field that can help you build a solid career ahead. This branch of engineering focuses on the development of electronic technology that can be used for modern telecommunication. It involves the designing, innovation, development, testing, and manufacturing of such technology on a large scale.
Students pursuing electronics and telecommunications engineering study about Electronics Measurement and Instrumentation, Data Structure, Electronics Device and Circuits, Power Electronics, Database Management Systems, and Digital Communication.
Once you are a qualified electronics and telecommunications engineer, you can be placed as a Telecom Engineer, Software Analyst, Electronic Design Engineer, Network Planning Engineer, Technical Director, and much more.
6. Electrical Engineering
As the title suggests, electrical engineering deals with the engineering of electrical devices. This involves the research, designing, development, testing, and maintaining electrical equipment used in different industries.
The study of electrical engineering at an undergraduate level includes Material Science, Electrical Measurement and Instrumentation, Microcontroller and Applications, Electrical Machine, Digital Electronics, Solar Energy, Power Electronics, Switchgear and Protection, and Electric Vehicles.
Professionals holding qualifications in electrical engineering can be recruited as a Telecommunications Engineer, Nuclear Engineer, Design Engineer, Test Engineer, Manufacturing Engineer, Power Electronics Engineer, Broadcast Engineer, and Systems Engineer.
These are some of the most prominent branches of engineering for a bright career. You can opt for any of these branches to excel in your career. There are many engineering colleges in Maharashtra that offer cutting-edge programs in these fields with 100% placement assistance. So, do some research and look for such colleges to build a global career in the engineering field of your choice. Good luck!