B.Tech vs B.Sc. – Which is a Better Option after Class 12th

Comparison between B.Tech and B.Sc. degrees for students deciding after Class 12th

The importance of choosing the right course after 12th cannot be understated. It is one of the most important decisions you will take that will largely define your professional journey. If you are from a science background, you have a series of excellent educational options open to you. You can pursue engineering, computer science, pharmaceutical science, sciences, and so much more.

The bottom line comes to where your interests and aptitude lie. Would you be happy with a technical engineering program like a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree, or would a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) suit your career goals? Let us take a deep dive into what a B.Tech and B.Sc. degree entails, the eligibility criteria, specialisations available, future prospects, and career opportunities after B.Tech and B.Sc.

What is a B.Tech Degree?

B.Tech or Bachelor of Technology is an undergraduate technical degree program spanning four years and eight semesters. Some of the top B.Tech colleges offer this program mainly in engineering and computer sciences. These degree programs are based on a more career-focused and practical approach to learning and training.

What is a B.Sc. Degree?

B.Sc. or Bachelor of Science is a research-based undergraduate degree program spread across three years and six semesters. The programs are related to different fields of science. Students are trained through a more theory-based accompanying lab work.

What Specialisations are Available in B.Tech?

These are the top specialisations available in B.Tech:

  1. Aerospace Engineering
  2. Aeronautical Engineering
  3. Civil Engineering
  4. Mechanical Engineering
  5. Electrical Engineering
  6. Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
  7. Biotechnology
  8. Biomedical Engineering
  9. Computer Science and Engineering
  10. Cloud Technology and Information Security
  11. Cyber Security and Forensics
  12. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

What Specialisations are Available in B.Sc.?

These are the top specialisations available in B.Sc.:

  1. Microbiology
  2. Forensic Science
  3. Physics
  4. Chemistry
  5. Biology
  6. Life Sciences
  7. Organic Chemistry
  8. Analytical Chemistry
  9. Computational Mathematics and Data Science
  10. Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Virtual Reality

Eligibility Criteria for B.Tech

Candidates who have completed class 12th in the science stream from a reputed educational board with minimum 50% aggregate marks in the qualifying examination can apply for B.Tech degree programs. Some of the best engineering colleges in Maharashtra conduct entrance-cum-scholarship examinations for B.Tech programs. It is best to watch out for such exams to obtain top opportunities in this field.

Eligibility Criteria for B.Sc.

Candidates from a reputed educational board who have scored 50% aggregate marks in the qualifying examination for class 12th in the science stream can apply for this program.

Future Prospects After Completing B.Tech

After completing a B.Tech degree, candidates have the option of either entering the job market or continuing with their education. A Masters in Technology or M.Tech qualifications in the specialisation of your choice can really boost your options in the industry. Whichever path you choose, know that a B.Tech degree yields good future prospects so you will never regret opting for this technical degree.

Future Prospects After Completing B.Sc.

Professionals holding a B.Sc. qualification can join the industry by seeking jobs in the field of their specialisation. On the other hand, they can opt for an M.Sc. or Master of Science degree to further enhance their skills and knowledge in their respective field. After completing M.Sc., they can also pursue a PhD to gain research-based opportunities in their field of expertise.

Career Opportunities After B.Tech

There are many career options after engineering and computer science for qualified and skilled professionals. They can be easily recruited in public or private sector companies in a position pertaining to their chosen specialisation. These are some of the career options open to candidates upon graduation in various fields:

  1. Aerospace Engineer
  2. Civil Engineer
  3. Town and Country Planner
  4. Environmental Engineer
  5. Design Engineer
  6. Electrical Engineer
  7. Cyber Security Engineer
  8. Cloud Technology Analyst
  9. Software Developer
  10. Web Designer
  11. Mechanical Engineer
  12. Construction Manager
  13. Biotechnology Engineer
  14. Artificial Intelligence Engineer
  15. Machine Learning Engineer

Career Opportunities After B.Sc.

Professionals holding a B.Sc. degree can enter the job market and gain a series of opportunities in fields like research, teaching, lab technician, etc. Here are some of the top career opportunities in B.Sc. upon graduation:

  1. Physicist
  2. Research Specialist
  3. Lab Assistant
  4. Forensic Expert
  5. Pathology Lab Technician
  6. Quality Assurance officer
  7. Chemist
  8. Data Scientist
  9. Microbiologist
  10. Biologist
  11. Statistician
  12. Life Science Expert

B.Tech vs B.Sc. – Which is the Better Option for You?

These were the highlights differentiating between a B.Tech and B.Sc. program. These differences should help you understand which program is most suited to you, depending on your aptitude, interests, and inclination towards tech-based fields or research-based fields. If you prefer a more hands-on approach in your career, then a B.Tech degree would be highly beneficial. You can pursue engineering or computer sciences and build a fantastic global career.

On the other hand, if you like lab-work and prefer research-based projects, then a B.Sc. degree can make your career goals come true. There is a lot of scope in sciences as both the public and private sector are looking for smart and skilled professionals to conduct ground-breaking research in diverse fields. Especially fields like medicine, agriculture, microbiology, and forensics have scope for tremendous research opportunities globally.


It would be highly beneficial for you to pursue either of these programs from a top private college in Maharashtra like Sandip University. Here, you can hone your skills in high-tech labs, and enhance your knowledge in futuristic classrooms. Highly skilled and professional faculty members mentor you to help you gain globally-relevant exposure in the field of your choosing.

Admissions for the academic year 2024-25 are currently underway. Connect with a career guidance counsellor on 1800-212-2714 (toll-free) for a personalised counselling session. Good luck!

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